Study Finds Diet-Derived Trans-Vaccenic Acid Boosts Anti-Tumor Immunity


New Information About TVA Revealed

Recently, some new useful dietary information on trans-vaccenic acid was released. TVA is a long-chain fatty acid that our bodies cannot make by themselves. Read on to find out how this potent cancer cell fighter, whos potential has been uncovered by new research from the University of Chicago, can help us win the longevity game.

Introduction to TVA (Trans-Vaccenic Acid)

Diet plays a crucial role in our overall health and well-being, impacting various physiological processes in the human body. A recent study published in the journal Nature has shed light on the relationship between diet-derived trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) and its impact on anti-tumor immunity. This groundbreaking research provides valuable insights into the potential use of TVA in cancer treatment and reveals the intricate connections between nutrition and human pathophysiology.

Understanding the Study

The study aimed to identify dietary components that have a significant impact on anti-tumor immunity, particularly focusing on the reprogramming of cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Researchers developed a blood nutrient molecule library and conducted screenings to analyze the effects of various nutrients on T lymphocyte cells.

The first stage of the study involved identifying foods that promote the activation of Jurkat T lymphocytes triggered by specific antibodies. Additionally, nutrients that reverse the exhaustion of Jurkat T cells were examined, which were produced by co-cultured lung cancer cells. To evaluate the impact of TVA on anti-tumor immunity, the researchers performed various tests and assays, including magnetic bead purification, western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).

The Findings

The study found that dietary trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) plays a crucial role in reprogramming and boosting the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, which are essential for mounting an effective immune response against tumors. TVA triggered a specific signaling pathway, known as the cyclic AMP-protein kinase A-cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) axis, enhancing the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes.

Moreover, TVA was found to promote anti-tumor immunity by selectively enhancing the function of CD8+ T lymphocytes. It inhibited the activity of GPR43, a regulatory receptor, thereby improving the overall effectiveness of cytotoxic T cells. The study also revealed that TVA had minimal effects on helper T lymphocytes, suggesting that its impact is primarily focused on cytotoxic T cells.

Implications for Cancer Treatment

The findings of this study hold promising implications for cancer treatment and immunotherapy. By understanding the role of diet-derived trans-vaccenic acid in boosting anti-tumor immunity, researchers can explore potential therapeutic strategies centered around TVA. Enhancing the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes can lead to more effective immune responses against tumors, potentially improving treatment outcomes for cancer patients.

How To Get More TVA in Your Diet

The primary source of circulating TVA in humans predominantly comes from ruminant-derived foods. "Circulating TVA in humans is mainly from ruminant-derived foods, including beef, lamb and dairy products such as milk and butter," revealed Jing Chen, a professor of medicine at the University of Chicago, who spearheaded the study.

In the world of nutrition and metabolism, TVA is merely one of approximately 700 known metabolites that travel through our bloodstream due to the foods we consume. In a fresh research endeavor detailed in the journal Nature, Chen and her team compiled these diverse compounds into a comprehensive database. They then embarked on a mission to explore whether any of these molecules wield the power to influence our immune system's capacity to combat cancer cells.

Future Directions

While this study provides crucial insights into the impact of TVA on anti-tumor immunity, there is still much to be explored. Further research is needed to elucidate the downstream effector pathways of GPR43 and unravel the underlying processes involved. Understanding the molecular linkages between nutrition and human pathophysiology can pave the way for future advancements in cancer treatment and overall health and longevity.


In conclusion, the study findings support the notion that diet-derived trans-vaccenic acid has a significant impact on anti-tumor immunity. This research provides a deeper understanding of the intricate relationship between nutrition and human physiology, highlighting the potential of dietary interventions in improving health outcomes. With further research, we can potentially harness the power of diet to enhance anti-tumor immune responses and revolutionize cancer treatment.

Journal reference:
Fan, H., Xia, S., Xiang, J., et al. (2023) Trans-vaccenic acid reprograms CD8 T cells and anti-tumor immunity. Nature (2023).doi:

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